Table of Theories. How do they apply to Practicum.

Hello Everyone,

Below is my attempt at filling in the table of Theories. I found it challenging but a very useful activity.

The table

Theory Purpose Application to Assignment 3/Professional Experience
CLEM Model Help understand how to learn about a new ICT and how to use it to enhance student learning. If there are any new ICTs you need to use it might help your explorations.

Hence might be useful as a part of the planning process for Part B.

TPACK framework Hint: The K in TPACK stands for knowledge. TPACK says something about the type of knowledge required for ????

To identify 7 different types of knowledge that combine to provide the knowledge that you need in order to effectively use ICT to amplify and transform student learning.

The better your TPACK, the better your use of ICT to amplify and transform student learning will be.

Making sure the ICTs I use match the pedagogies and content of the lessons I will be teaching.

Make more effective use of appropriate ICTs.

Backwards design To design unit plans starting with student outcomes and objectives.. To choose ICTs and activities that will help to achieve outcomes and objectives.
SAMR Model The Substitution Augmentation Modification Redefinition Model offers a method of seeing how computer technology might impact teaching and learning.  It also shows a progression that adopters of educational technology often follow as they progress through teaching and learning with technology.

While one might argue over whether an activity can be defined as one level or another, the important concept to grasp here is the level of student engagement. One might well measure progression along these levels by looking at who is asking the important questions.  As one moves along the continuum, computer technology becomes more important in the classroom but at the same time becomes more invisibly woven into the demands of good teaching and learning.

To try to include activities/lessons that are at the Redifinition Level. An example is: A classroom is asked to create a documentary video answering an essential question related to important concepts. Teams of students take on different subtopics and collaborate to create one final product.  Teams are expected to contact outside sources for information.
TIP Model The Technology Integration Planning (TIP) model is a model, developed by Roblyer (2006), and adapted by Finger, et al (2007). It describes 5 phases:

1. Determine relative advantage

2. Decide on objectives and assessments

3. Design integration strategies

4. Prepare the instructional environment

5. Revise integration strategies

If the integration of ICT is not being used to enhance the learning experience in some way, but is merely a substitution for existing techniques, then opportunities to improve the learning experience are lost. It is also important for teachers making a change to integrate ICT that they see its benefits.

Application to Ass 3 is to use the 5 phases outlined.

The 5Es To help teachers to develop a deeper understanding of what constitutes high quality teacher practice in the classroom. Incorporate the 5Es  (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate and Evaluate) into activities and lessons
WALT & WILF WALT: to help students understand lesson objectives.

WILF: to help students develop criteria they can use to complete tasks

WALT: to help students understand lesson objectives.

WILF: to help students develop criteria they can use to complete tasks

Connectivism Connectivism is a learning theory for the digital age. Learning has changed over the last several decades. The theories of behaviourism, cognitivism, and constructivism provide an effect view of learning in many environments. They fall short, however, when learning moves into informal, networked, technology-enabled arena.

This theory is a a tool to be used in the learning process for instruction or curriculum rather than a standalone learning theory

Learning is a knowledge creation process…not only knowledge consumption. Learning tools and design methodologies should seek to capitalize on this trait of learning. a tool to be used in the learning process for instruction or curriculum rather than a standalone learning theory
Bloom’s taxonomy To give educators a framework whereby activities, questioning is used to increase levels of thinking, leading to deep thinking. Bloom’s taxonomy presents six levels, beginning with knowledge at the lowest, then progressing through comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation; later revised to remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating and creating. To use Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy.
Postman’s 5 things To find the 5 ideas useful in thinking about the effects of technology on religious faith.

1. All technological change is a trade-off.

2. The advantages and disadvantages of new technologies are never distributed evenly among the population.

3. Embedded in every technology there is a powerful idea, sometimes two or three powerful ideas.

4. Technological change is not additive; it is ecological.

5. Media tend to become mythic

Ensure all students have a fair share/access to ICTs in the classroom.
Toolbelt theory/TEST framework How to give every student the tools they need for success Help students optimize their performance using tech. Teachers need to prepare the students to learn how to use the tools in the present day and also teach them how to use the new tools. Importance of teaching these tools to the students so they are capable of implementing in the future.
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